Arts Data Profile #2 (December 2013) – Accounting for the Nation's Arts and Cultural Goods and Services

The 2014 Arts and Cultural Production Satellite Account (ACPSA) replaced the first, 2013 iteration of the ACPSA. NEA Arts Data Profile #2 remains here as a historical record.

For revised estimates of the arts and culture's contributions to the U.S. economy, users are directed to NEA Arts Data Profile #6: The 2014 Arts and Cultural Production Satellite Account: Years 1998-2012.

Title of Dataset

Arts and Cultural Production Satellite Account (ACPSA)


Two-year project: results from the first wave, 2013, are presented here; the second wave is planned for 2014.


Partnership between the NEA's Office of Research & Analysis and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

Research Topic

Arts and the GDP

Notable Features

  • The first comprehensive and detailed measure of the arts and culture's contribution to the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP).
  • Full time series spanning 1998-2011.
  • Production by detailed arts and cultural commodities (i.e., goods and services).
  • Employment and compensation by arts and cultural industries, including sole proprietors (i.e., self-employed workers).
  • Supply and consumption of arts and cultural goods and services, including imports and exports.
  • Multipliers measuring the effect on the U.S. economy from changes in the demand for arts and culture.


In 2011, the production of arts and cultural goods and services
contributed $504.4 billion to the U.S. economy. This amounted to 3.25
percent of GDP.

  • In output, the top arts and cultural
    commodities included: the creative content of advertising ($199.6
    billion); arts education ($104 billion); motion picture and video
    merchandise and services ($82.2 billion); and performing arts and
    independent artists and writers ($48.9 billion).

In that same year, the U.S. posted a $10.5 billion trade surplus in arts and
cultural commodities—with arts and cultural exports of $39.4 billion
exceeding imports of $28.9 billion.