Regions and Divisions of the United States


NORTHEAST

New England
Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island

Remainder of New England
New Hampshire, Vermont

Middle Atlantic
New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania

MIDWEST

East North Central
Ohio, Illinois, Michigan

Remainder of East North Central
Indiana, Wisconsin

West North Central
Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas

SOUTH

South Atlantic
Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia

Remainder of South Atlantic
Delaware, District of Columbia

East South Central
Alabama

Remainder of East South Central
Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi

West South Central
Texas

Remainder of West South Central
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma

WEST

Mountain 
Colorado,
Nevada, Wyoming

Remainder of Mountain
Montana, Idaho, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico

Pacific
California, Oregon, Washington

Remainder of Pacific
Alaska, Hawaii

Note: Due to sample sizes, the SPPA does not provide reliable estimates for all U.S. states. For those states not reliably captured by the survey, however, arts participation results are combined with results from other states in their respective divisions. For example, results for Indiana and Wisconsin are aggregated into "remainder of East North Central." This allows researchers to obtain estimates that are closer to the rates within those individual states than would be provided by consulting rates for the U.S. Census subdivisions alone.