2015 ACPSA Tables

ACPSA Tables (zip file)

ACPSA Table 1, Production of Commodities by Industry

The first of the ACPSA tables reports arts and cultural commodities (rows) produced by arts and cultural industries (columns)—Table 1 is akin to the BEA's "make" table, which is generated from the input-output accounting system.

ACPSA Table 2, Output and Value Added by Industry

The BEA defines gross output of an industry as the market value of goods and services produced by an industry, including commodity taxes (e.g., excise and sales taxes). "Intermediate consumption" refers to an industry's use of goods and services, such as energy and material costs, used to produce an industry's commodities. Value added measures the contribution of the industry's labor and capital to its gross output, and is equal to industry output minus intermediate consumption. Value added is an industry's GDP.

Table 2 features six major columns showing industry gross output, intermediate consumption, and value added. The first three columns measure these values for the industry, while the last three relate specifically to ACPSA production by that industry.

ACPSA Table 3, Supply and Consumption of Commodities

Table 3 measures the supply of arts and cultural commodities, including U.S. imports, and consumption of ACPSA goods and services, including U.S. exports. Unlike ACPSA tables 1 and 2, the supply and consumption of commodities is measured in purchasers' value.

ACPSA Table 4, Employment and Compensation of Employees by Industry

The first two columns in Table 4 measure total employment and compensation by arts and cultural industries; the last two columns relate to employment and compensation tied to ACPSA production by those industries.

ACPSA Table 5, Employment by Industry

Table 5 also reports ACPSA employment by industry. However, Table 5 adds industry employment multipliers to arrive at "total ACPSA-related employment." These industry multipliers estimate the outcome on employment resulting from a change in demand. Changes in the demand for arts and culture can result from: increased (or decreased) government spending on the arts and culture; a successful advertising campaign aimed at the arts; or changes in exports of ACPSA commodities. If demand for the arts increases, then arts and cultural industries purchase more from their suppliers. The suppliers, in turn, hire more workers to meet this demand, resulting in a multiplier effect.

ACPSA Table 6, Output by Commodity

Multipliers are also the subject of Table 6. Here, however, "total commodity output" multipliers measure the effect on production for every $1 change in the demand for arts and cultural commodities.

Real Output by ACPSA Commodity

New to the 2015 wave of the ACPSA are production estimates adjusted for inflation. This table reports “real” gross output of arts and cultural commodities adjusted for inflation in chained 2009 dollars. An accompanying sheet to this file features the associated price indexes for ACPSA commodities.

Real Value Added by ACPSA Industry

The final table in this series reports “real” value added by industry. Real value added is measured in chained 2009 dollars to control for inflation.