A large open room with floor to ceiling windows and three rows of mill aluminum artworks.

In 1979 with initial assistance from the Dia Art Foundation in New York, Judd began construction on transforming the former Fort D.A. Russell into the Chinati Foundation. Judd originally designed Chinati as a permanent home for works by himself, John Chamberlain, and Dan Flavin, but over time expanded to also include works by Carl Andre, Ingólfur Arnarsson, Roni Horn, Ilya Kabakov, Richard Long, Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen, David Rabinowitch, and John Wesley, as well as temporary exhibitions featuring modern and contemporary art.

Each artist's work is installed in a separate building on the museum's grounds. Seen above are Judd's 100 untitled works in mill aluminum. Judd adapted two former artillery sheds for this collection, allowing the size and scale of the buildings to determine the nature of the installation. In order to take advantage of the location's natural light, Judd replaced the garage doors with floor-to-ceiling windows and doubled the buildings' height by adding a vaulted roof in galvanized iron on top of the original flat roof.
Each of the 100 mill aluminum works has the same outer dimensions (41 x 51 x 72 inches), with unique interior divisions of space to make each piece unique. The Lippincott Company of Connecticut fabricated the works, which were installed over a four-year period from 1982 through 1986.

Donald Judd, 100 untitled works in mill aluminum, 1982-1986, detail. 41 x 51 x 72 inches. Permanent collection, the Chinati Foundation, Marfa, Texas. Photo by Douglas Tuck, 2009. Courtesy of the Chinati Foundation. Art © Judd Foundation. Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY