Artists in the Workforce

Artists are a vital part of the American workforce, and more than two million Americans describe their primary occupation as artist.  Drawing on a range of federal datasets, the NEA works to increase public knowledge of artists and other cultural workers in America.

Year: 2013

This report explores industrial design, both as an occupation and as an industry tied to U.S. manufacturing and other sectors. Drawing on data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics and the U.S...

Year: 2011

Drawing from the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Occupational Outlook Handbook: 2010-11 Edition, Research Note #103 discusses job prospects for artists and other selected cultural occupations from...

Year: 2011

Note #105 uses multiyear averages from the American Community Survey (2005-2009) to enumerate the nation's artists and to describe their demographic traits, work patterns, and nationwide...

Year: 2010

An addendum to Research Note #97, which examines figures from 2009 as well as 2008 and the impact of the second year of the recession on artists.

Year: 2009

Artists are facing sharp increases in unemployment. In the fourth quarter of 2008, the artist unemployment rate reached 6.0 percent for a total of 129,000 unemployed artists.

Year: 2008

Artists in the Workforce: 1990-2005 is the first nationwide look at artists' demographic and employment patterns in the 21st century. Artists in the Workforce analyzes working artist trends,...

Year: 2008

Research Note #96 gives a detailed view of women artists, including patterns in the female composition of various artist jobs and in the earnings discrepancies between men and women.

Year: 2007

More than 1.6 million Americans volunteered with arts or cultural organizations in 2005. In contrast to volunteers with other types of organizations, arts volunteers are older, better educated,...

Year: 2003

This study examines the worklife of jazz musicians in New York, Detroit, San Francisco and New Orleans. Information from jazz artists using 2 different survey sampling methodologies - respondent-...

Year: 2000

An in-depth examination of artists' employment, specifically multiple jobholding or moonlighting, over three decades with comparisons to other professional occupations. The principal data source...

Year: 1996

This report examines employment and earnings trends in artist occupations from 1970 to 1990 using a variety of databases, including both large scale Federal surveys and smaller targeted surveys of...