Arts and Cultural Production Satellite Account (ACPSA)—state level estimates


Launched in 2013, the ACPSA is intended as an annual product. Complete state estimates, corresponding with the national account, first became available in 2018.


Partnership between the National Endowment for the Arts’ Office of Research & Analysis and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Research Topic

Arts economies, employment, and compensation.

Notable Features

State-level estimates of arts and cultural value-added, employment, and compensation by industry;

Location quotients (i.e., a state’s concentration of arts and cultural value-added, employment, or compensation indexed to the overall U.S. share of 1.0);

Full time-series spanning state data from 2001 to 2019.

Revised Estimates

This release of the ACPSA includes revised estimates for 2001 through 2017, as well as new numbers for 2018 and 2019.

The estimates reflect updated source data such as the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) and the Economic Census, as well data sources related to specific arts industries such as education and arts-related construction.

As an illustration, consider arts-related construction in Wyoming. Value added from this production was originally estimated to be $45 million in 2017. Revised estimates, however, now show that arts-related construction added $181.6 million to the state’s economy in that year.>




Between 2017 and 2019, the value added by arts and culture to the nation’s economy (not adjusting for inflation) grew at an average annual rate of 3.7 percent. But in six states and the District of Columbia, the average annual growth rate pushed 6 percent or more.  

Growth in Nevada’s arts economy stemmed partly from gains in arts-related construction. Between 2017 and 2019, value added from this production jumped by $1.2 billion.

Construction of new arts/cultural structures also contributed considerably to the economies of Washington and South Dakota.

Additionally, Washington witnessed strong growth in arts-related retail trade, while South Dakota experienced gains in valued added by sound recording industries.

In 2017, sound recording added $681,000 to South Dakota’s economy. In 2019, that value rose to $2.8 million.

In addition to construction, web publishing and streaming services—the fastest-growing ACPSA industry at the national level—contributed to gains in several states, including Arizona. Value added by Arizona’s web publishing and streaming industries rose from $301.3 million in 2017 to $450.8 million in 2019.


Average annual growth in arts and cultural value added: 2017-2019

Fastest-growing states and the District of Columbia


Arts and cultural value added: 2019 (in millions)

Average annual growth rate of arts and cultural value added

Change in arts and cultural share of the state economy: 2017-2019                                                     (percentage point change)

























 District of Columbia




 South Dakota








Note: Growth rates calculated using current-dollar estimates.