NEA Arts Magazine

The National Council on the Arts: Three New Members are Welcomed


James Ballinger, Sandra Day O'Connor, TerryTeachout and Gerard Schwarz

James K. Ballinger, Justice Sandra Day O’Connor, Terry Teachout, and Gerard Schwarz. Photo: Kathy Plowitz-Worden

Three new members of the National Council on the Arts (NCA), the advisory body of the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), were confirmed by the United States Senate last November. This March, they took their seats at the Council. Nominated by President George W. Bush, the new councilors are James K. Ballinger, Gerard Schwarz, and Terry Teachout. They were sworn in by Associate Justice of the Supreme Court Sandra Day O'Connor.

NEA Chairman Gioia said, "All three of these new members are distinguished leaders in their respective fields. They are ideal additions to the Council."

The National Council on the Arts advises the Chairman of the NEA - who also chairs the Council - on agency policies and programs. It reviews and makes recommendations to the Chairman on applications for grants, funding guidelines, and leadership initiatives.

The Council was established through the National Arts and Cultural Development Act of 1964, a year before the federal agency was created by legislation. Its first members were appointed by President Lyndon Johnson and included noted artists Marian Anderson, Leonard Bernstein, Agnes de Mille, Richard Diebenkorn, Duke Ellington, Helen Hayes, Charlton Heston, Harper Lee, Gregory Peck, Sidney Poitier, Richard Rodgers, Rosalind Russell, David Smith, John Steinbeck, and Isaac Stern.


James K. Ballinger, a specialist in American Art, has been director of the Phoenix Art Museum since 1982. He has directed major exhibitions including Americans in Brittany and Normandy 1860-1910, Diego Rivera: The Cubist Years, Frank Lloyd Wright Drawings and Frederic Remington's Southwest. He is also the author of a monograph, Frederic Remington. Ballinger received bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Kansas, and completed the Executive Program for Nonprofit Leaders at the Stanford Graduate School of Business.

Gerard Schwarz is in his 19th season as music director of the Seattle Symphony, and his third season as music director of the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra. He has guest conducted most of the great orchestras of the world, making his operatic conducting debut in 1982 with the Washington Opera. He was named 1994 Conductor of the Year by Musical America International Directory of the Performing Arts, the first American to receive this award. Mr. Schwarz is also a recipient of the prestigious Ditson Conductor's Award from Columbia University and holds an honorary Doctorate from The Juilliard School.

Terry Teachout is the drama critic of the Wall Street Journal, the music critic of Commentary, and a contributor to the Washington Post. He also writes about the arts for the New York Times, National Review, and other publications. His most recent books are A Terry Teachout Reader and All in the Dances: A Brief Life of George Balanchine. He earned a bachelor's degree in music and journalism from William Jewell College in Liberty, MO. He lives in New York City.